Until recently, I had always mixed up sympathy and empathy. I am a Nigerian and we have very emotive ways of showing our emotions and sorrow for others.You only need to see someone a funeral ( who hardly knew the person who died) wailing at the loudest decibel to understand what I am talking about. We even have accepted sounds like ‘eeyah’ to convey the sorrow we are feeling.
In the last couple of years though I began to observe that pity or sympathy can be detached . I started being more intentional both as a result of my faith and also general introspection and realised that both emotions (though similar) are not the same.
The dictionary definition of sympathy I found states that it is feeling compassion, sorrow, or pity for the hardships that another person encounters
Empathy on the other hand is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, that is, the capacity to place oneself in another’s position.
So while having pity is great, the ability to go further to picture yourself in that person’s actual position is one that we all struggle with. We can be sad at the washed up or malnourished child on the TV, but the emotion begins to take on a different dimension, if you could see either yourself or your child in a similar situation.
I love learning/reading about Martin Luther King ( currently reading one of his books) and this saying really resonated with me regarding this subject;
“Pity may represent little more than the impersonal concern which prompts the mailing of a check, but true sympathy is the personal concern which demands the giving of one’s soul.” – Martin Luther King Jr.
I think MLK was referring to the fact that can pity can sometimes be impersonal or perfunctory.I am very passionate about giving back as I believe that the resources,gifts, privileges, talents, skills that we have are not just for us. I know that we are all called to give back and make our little corner or the world at large a better place. Sometimes though, I find that giving back motivated by solely pity allows for charity or altruism that is paternalistic. In simpler words, sometimes the charity or giving back is from a place of superiority with a dose of condescension. It allows us have a saviour/hero complex and sometimes makes us believe that we have the best answers and know what is best for whoever it is we are helping.
A practical example I can think of is when people automatically assume that the only thing/help that a homeless person needs is food. You find people saying with authority that the only thing that they can ever give a homeless person is food. And I get it because I also used to say that. My main concern always used to be ‘ I don’t want them using my money to buy drugs or alcohol’. But as a human being just like me, I started asking myself if the only form of sustenance I need in life is food? Man shall not live by bread alone and all.
Yes I might be privileged not to be/ have been homeless but what right do I have to think that the only help that the man/woman on the street corner deserves is food? What if no one has actually held a conversation or noticed him/her in weeks? Or even just smiled and acknowledged his/her humanity? And this is not in anyway denying that some homeless people are alcoholics or drug addicts. It just means that despite that struggle, there still is a human being in there somewhere. So even though my motivation is compassion when I insist that the only thing I can give is food, I have decided that I am better( since I am not an addict) and because of that I definitely know what their needs and that can only be food.
So as MLK said earlier just writing a check,dropping a coin often just helps us feel better about ourselves.Empathy requires going a bit further, as its not often not possible to be detached from the object or person we are empathising with. To effectively empathise with another human being , I need to have at least some insight into who he/she is,what he is doing or trying to do and sometimes why they are doing it. Their struggles might be different from mine but ultimately we are all Gods image bearers.
Below are a couple of tips that can help with practising empathy:
- Your knowledge is not always the first thing to share– This saying (don’t know who by) brought this home for me- ‘No one wants to know how much you know until they know how much you care’. A lot of times especially for over sharers like me( I know that I can be a know it all sometimes,I am working on it) the impulse is to automatically jump to letting that person know what they can do to get out of their situation. Just STOP and let the first thing you do be letting them know that you care. Sometimes that is worth more than all the knowledge in the world. You can share knowledge later and this is often better received as they know that it is coming from a genuine desire to help.
- Just Listen- This seems so easy, but it so hard. Again it is similar to tip 1 as sometimes you just want to share how much are agonising over what the person is going through. Sometimes, though, not listening means that you jump to solutions or say things that could even further add to the hurt when all the person needed at the time was just someone who would listen to them without judgement.
- Please don’t say ‘What about’– Ok you can guess from my tone here that is probably a pet peeve. There are no ‘struggles Olympics’ so I don’t get why people always feel the need to pull up another type of struggle/suffering when one is being discussed/shared. Its sometimes seem like they want to rank struggles on a gold, silver and bronze scale. Now don’t get me wrong, I understand why people feel the need to do this. Some struggles have more dire consequences than some and there are some issues that are definitely more complex when compared with others. That said, I still feel that showing empathy means allowing a person to share and talk about their struggles without diminishing or projecting how you feel they should feel to them. I have really had to preach this to myself especially when my daughter is relating the issues from her school day ( I roll my eyes as some children are thinking about how to get food and this one is upset about friends LOL) .I try to remember though that those issues seem small to me but mean a lot to her so I try walking in her shoes( and remember I was once 9). This allows me pause, understand her emotions and acknowledge that she is also a person even if she is my child. So when next someone talks to you about their struggles,pls try not to say ‘ ‘but what about’. We know men also struggle but we are talking how a woman’s struggle here ( sorry I could not help it).
- Involve the person/people you are helping( where possible)- Sometimes we treat recipients of our charitable deeds as subjects/objects rather than human beings like us. I really believe that help or charity should always be collaborative and extended with a dose of dignity. I added the clause where possible as I am aware that this is not always possible. There are times when issues surrounding vulnerability, capacity, costs, type of help required might mean that consultation is not always possible. However in instances where all or none of these extraneous factors are present, I think its always good to allow people have a say in how and where they can be helped. A lot of people want to empower less privileged people and automatically assume that they know HOW. Sometimes the HOW you propose might nor be where the strength’s of the person or community lies.
An example of this; when I was growing up in Nigeria,people often decided to up-skill their domestic help. This was such a noble thing and lends itself to the teach a man to fish theory. However some of them automatically assumed what skills they felt would be best .These were often a tailor, hair dresser etc for the females, a mechanic, plumber or electrician for the males. The assumption being that as they are domestic help, the only skills that they could possibly be good at are the vocational skills.
Now this is not to say that these skills are not important ( they really are) but my point was more about the assumption that these skills were always the right fit. Maybe if asked, some could have said, I would rather learn how to bake as I have an interest in cooking. Or I want to learn building.
For this reason I think that charities should ALWAYS work with people who are already in the community ( living, working, schooling) as they better understand what is needed and what would work best for the beneficiaries. I think recognising a persons ability to know themselves is a way you can show that you see them and accord them the dignity that all humans deserve.
I hope that this somehow resonates with you .The world definitely requires more empathy. I am thankful that you have taken the time to read my random musings.Please do comment, share and like.
Have a lovely Tuesday and week ahead.
Quotes/Picture credits- Pinterest